In Europe, it is only allowed to be used as a solvent or emulsifier, and must not exceed 0.45 grams per pound in the final product. Propylene glycol is mainly used as an additive that aids in processing foods and improving their flavor shelf-life, appearance, and texture. Some forms of propylene glycol are made from vegetable-based products, which is also good to know if you’re trying to avoid petroleum-derived products. Milk paint, acrylic paint and enamel paints also contain propylene glycol, and the list doesn’t stop there. Its chemical formula is CH3CH(OH)CH2OH. Paleo Foundation: What is Prolylene Glycol and Why is it in Our Food? Compared to other people, these groups have low amounts of the enzyme that breaks down propylene glycol in the body, which means they could develop toxicity if exposed to large amounts of the chemical through medications. Propylene glycol puts the ‘anti’ in ‘antifreeze.’ It serves the same purpose in food, cosmetics and medication – retaining moisture while preventing freezing. Foaming degreasers, floor sealants, wall spackling and crack repair products and wood stain also contain this chemical. In the US, propylene glycol is regulated by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and must mee… Pets and wildlife coming across pools of ethylene glycol antifreeze outdoors found the scent enticing and would drink it, to their demise. This chemical is also used as a solvent in the paint, plastic and food industries. 5 Consejos para el Equilibrio Hormonal Femenino, 19 Gluten Cross-Reactive Foods Busted Myth, Best Ever Paleo Thanksgiving Stuffing Recipe. This ingredient is found in some soaps, including coconut-oil-based soaps. As propylene glycol USP/EP is colour-, taste- and odorless, it has become the perfect carrier of flavours of a wide variety of food commonly used in our day a day. Propylene glycol is also used to make polyester compounds, and as a base for deicing solutions. It is also used in some flavoring extracts for baking, as well as in some types of food coloring. The fact that propylene glycol is used in both antifreeze and food products may seem alarming, but the reason it’s used in both substances may come as a surprise. Propylene glycol in dog food Propylene glycol is a synthetic compound that absorbs water and can therefore be used to keep semi-moist dog foods and treats semi-moist. It is miscible with a broad range of solvents, including water, acetone, and chloroform. It helps to prevent sticking of food substances and the formation of clumps. Propylene Glycol USP/EP (PG USP/EP), referring to the United States and European Pharmacopoeias, is a high-purity grade of monopropylene glycol for use in pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic, personal care, flavor and fragrance, plus a variety of other applications. Some of the more common packaged foods containing it include dried soups and seasoning blends, marinades and salad dressings and baking mixes for products such as cakes, pancakes and muffins. Some antifreeze manufacturers switched out the ethylene glycol for propylene glycol to make the product much safer and less appealing to pets. It doesn’t add much, if any, flavor to foods, which is another reason why it’s commonly used in packaged food product, medications and personal-care goods such as deodorant and perfume. Adding water to propylene oxide, also known as hydrolyzing it, creates propylene glycol. Prebiotic fiber, and why “Just Eat Real Food” isn’t as good of a mantra as you think. To prevent confusion when trying to avoid products containing propylene glycol, avoid any product containing chemicals with terms similar to the aforementioned. Wikipedia provides the following information for the safety of propylene glycol in animals: “Veterinary data indicates that propylene glycol is toxic to 50% of dogs at doses of 9mL/kg, although the figure is higher for most laboratory animals (LD50 at levels of 20mL/kg). Dishwashing detergent, metal polish and rust or soap scum removers also contain this chemical. Therefore, it may be wise to reduce the dietary sources of the compound. Therefore, it may be dangerous for those with kidney or liver disease. On its own, propylene glycol is a clear, odorless liquid that is a bit more syrupy than water. Propylene glycol is used by the chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries as an antifreeze when leakage might lead to contact with food. Acceptable Daily Intake: Up to 25 mg/kg body weight. Propylene glycol is a synthetic liquid substance that absorbs water. It has been associated with irritant and allergic contact dermatitis as well as contact urticaria in humans; these sensitization effects can be manifested at propylene glycol concentrations as low as 2%. Anyone wishing to submit new scientific information on the use of this additive or to submit any inquiries may do so in writing, by regular mail or electronically. Function & characteristics: It is used as a solvent for anti-oxidants. Propylene glycol is also used to make polyester compounds, and as a base for deicing solutions. “Propylene glycol is a synthetic liquid substance that absorbs water. Propylene glycol (PG) is an FDA-approved synthetic substance widely used as a solvent in ‘natural flavors‘– which are clearly defined in law. View Food additives legislation guidance to compliance as PDF (191.49 KB) Most additives are only permitted to be used in certain foods and are subject to specific quantitative limits, so it is important to note this list should be used in conjunction with the appropriate legislation. In individuals with normal liver and kidney function, propylene glycol is removed from the blood reasonably quickly and excreted. The world may run on Dunkin’, but Dunkin’ Donuts flavored iced tea runs on propylene glycol. However, in individuals with kidney disease or liver disease, this process may not be as efficient. Propylene glycol uses also include stabilizing and preserving all sorts of products, increasing their shelf life. To date, no reports have shown that it is linked to cancer or reproductive health concerns, and, there are no reported deaths on record from its consumption. Jan, I have the same allergy and have been using products with this substance which was reccomeneded by doctors and dermatologists for years before I knew I was allergic. Propylene glycol is a viscous, colorless liquid compound which is nearly odorless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. Propylene glycol is also quite common in fast foods, bread-based products, highly processed snack foods, flavored popcorn and cake frosting. It’s not always easy to tell if a product contains propylene glycol because is often isn’t listed as such on an ingredients label. This chemical, much more toxic than propylene glycol, also smells sweeter. In general, glycols are non-irritating and have very low volatility. In one instance, an alcoholic beverage company received a bit of backlash in the European Union when it accidentally sent the U.S. version of a cinnamon whisky to several European countries. What Are the Harmful Ingredients in Toothpaste. In fact, the toxicity profile is very low, and the incidence of toxicity is rare. Pre-made, mass-distributed baked desserts such as brownies, cakes and cupcakes may also contain this chemical. Containing two alcohol groups, it is classed as a diol. Propanediol is derived from corn sugar fermentation instead of petroleum. Oddly enough, it also helps blend items together, such as the oil with the water-based ingredients in some salad dressings. Marshmallows, dried coconut shreds and even some cans of nuts contain propylene glycol, as it helps retain an acceptable moisture level in these foods. Even though propylene glycol is generally considered safe, it may cause health concerns for those sensitive to it or for those with other existing health issues. It also shows up on some ingredients listings as E1520, methyl ethyl glycol, trimethyl glycol or 1,2-dihydroxypropane, making it trickier to determine which products contain propylene glycol. In the U.S., up to 50 grams propylene glycol per kilogram of food product is considered a safe amount, while the European Union has stricter regulations, limiting it to 3 grams per kilogram for foods and beverages. Why It Is Not Allowed in Paleo Certification: Propanediol and Propylene Glycol are not allowed in any Paleo Certification programs. In food applications, it preserves moisture in products and helps dissolve colors and flavors. ENTP polemicist and enthusiast in a myriad of areas including agricultural sustainability, applications of bacteriotherapy, autoimmunity, color theory, hard determinism, gut microbiome, fiber, antioxidants, and psychology. Propylene glycol should also be largely avoided by pregnant women, infants and toddlers. Another way to avoid propylene glycol products is to ask for ingredients listings for any medications, including prescription drugs and vitamin solutions. This means that for most people, exposure to safe levels of propylene glycol, even on a repeated basis, is not cause for concern. In Europe propylene glycol used in pharmaceuticals applications must follow strict specifications for quality as laid out in the European Pharmacopoeia. Caulk, ready-mixed tile grout, wallpaper stripper, boat epoxy and numerous laundry detergents and stain removers contain propylene glycol. Do a little research, though, and you’ll discover a common ingredient between the two – propylene glycol. Even diaper ointments and baby lotions contain propylene glycol; in other words, it’s found in products dotting the shelves of nearly every aisle in a drugstore or grocery store. The World Health Organization recommends a maximum consumption of 25 mg/kg/day (1. Common foods that contain propylene glycol, but do not list them on the ingredient labels include: Propylene glycol as both a direct and indirect food ingredient additive is “Generally Recognized As Safe” (GRAS) by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Certified Products were screened against during the auditing process to ensure that they do not contain it. Why should you avoid it? In the beverage world, soft drinks, flavored teas, powdered drink mixes and alcoholic beverages may also contain propylene glycol. A common substitute is Propanediol. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has classified propylene glycol as an additive that is “generally recognized as safe” for use in food. Founder of The Paleo Foundation and Cetogenica.com. Propylene glycol USP/EP is approved for use as a food additive under E-number E 1520 (with strict maximum limit of 1 g/kg in human foodstuffs). We doesn't provide propylene glycol in food products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. Attracts water: Zeichner says at low concentrations, propylene glycol acts like a humectant, which means it binds water and pulls in hydration to the outer skin layer.When used in cosmetic products, it helps give the skin a hydrated, dewy appearance. Propylene Glycol is a synthetic substance, Propanediol is derived from grains. Pre-made, mass-distributed baked desserts such as brownies, cakes and cupcakes may also contain this chemical. In food, the levels are considered pharmaceutical-grade. If someone was deathly allergic to peanuts would you not list peanuts on the ingredient list because it was only in trace amounts ? It is estimated that roughly 3.5% of people have an allergy to propylene glycol. The U.S. National Library of Medicine’s website offers an exhaustive list of common household products containing propylene glycol. Her work also appears on USA Today Travel, Hunker and Landlordology, among other sites. Propylene glycol may be found in different types of processed foods, such as sauces, salad dressings, snack foods, desserts, and other foods For Those Who Are Allergic, Avoiding PG In Their Skin Care And Foods May Not Help Right Away When I'm concerned that PG may be contributing to a patient's rash, I recommend avoidance for 8 weeks. Propylene glycol is also often added to body care products, cosmetics, and medications. In foods, the levels are considered pharmaceutical-grade and is a common food additive or ingredient in cosmetic products, spices, and natural flavors. However, in our experience, it is rarely listed on the nutrition label. I cannot beleive this can be allowed. The list includes specific brand names for easy reference, although the list is not in alphabetical or even categorical order. Although toxicity is rare, estimates suggest that current intakes are above the recommended level. Direct food contact uses include: solvent and carrier for flavour and colour in food and beverage manufacturing processes, for drinks, biscuits, cakes, sweets The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says propylene glycol is “generally recognized as safe” for use in foods, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. In America is is also hard to find packaged food that lists this as in ingredient because it is not required ?!!! She also writes about the best neighborhood restaurants and bars for upscale real-estate firms around the country. In fact, most cases of toxicity resulted from high doses of medication or unusual circumstances, such as one man who drank the contents of an ice pack. Health Canada's Food Directorate is committed to reviewing any new scientific information on the safety in use of any food additive, including propylene glycol mono fatty acid esters. However, propylene glycol is considerably safer (less toxic) than its far more dangerous cousin — ethylene glycol. Further, Paleo substitutes are widely available. The United States government regulates how much of this chemical is deemed safe for food use stateside. The artificial food coloring can contain propylparaben, propylene glycol and certified color additives by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) of United States, which are usually denoted by certain numbers. She has written numerous recipes for grocery store chains, as well as articles tool and paint manufacturers and travel sites. Propylene glycol is also used to make polyester compounds, and as a base for deicing solutions. What is propylene glycol? Propylene glycol is also used to make polyester compounds and as a base for de-icing solutions. For instance, in grated cheese or in dried soups. Propylene glycol is a synthetic liquid substance that absorbs water. The majority of foods containing propylene glycol are processed foods. Propylene glycol is not an allowed cosmetic ingredient or food additive in our programs. This synthetic chemical, generally regarded as safe for food use, helps products maintain their moisture, consistency and texture, which is why it’s commonly found in packaged consumables and household products. Shifting the focus to fast food, propylene glycol has long been established as an excellent additive for mass food distribution and storage, and it continues to be used constantly in the fast food industry. Propylene glycol is used by the chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries as an antifreeze when leakage might lead to contact with food. Those sensitive to propylene glycol may develop a rash or contact dermatitis, even if using a shampoo or moisturizer containing the chemical. Propylene glycol is non-toxic, and it is definitely not antifreeze. It is used to absorb extra water and maintain moisture in certain medicines, cosmetics, or food products. Propylene glycol is used by the chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries as an antifreeze when leakage might lead to contact with food. Propylene glycol is also in some hand cleaners designed for garage use, as well as in air fresheners and construction adhesives. Propylene glycol is used in the following ways in foods: Anti-Caking Agent. It’s even used in the liquid that creates smoke for a smoke or fog machine and to improve the “smoothness” of vaping or e-cigarette liquids. So, to claim that propylene glycol is antifreeze is like saying that any food containing water is … The drink was pulled from shelves in several countries for containing too much propylene glycol, even though that same formulation would be considered safe in the States. The most common skin reaction, or dermatitis, is the development of a rash on the face, or a generalized rash all over the body from exposure. Even though considered safer than the ethylene glycol versions of antifreeze, it should still not be left out where pets, children or even stray animals may consume it. Propylene glycol is also found in other household goods besides antifreeze, foods, medications and personal-care products. 8 g/day for a 75 kg male) of propylene glycol when used as a food additive. Toxic or not, we thought you might like to know whether this solvent and antifreeze is hiding in products you eat and drink. Ice cream, sweeteners, and sodas are foods which frequently contain propylene glycol. Origin: Propylene glycol is commercially produced from propylene and carbonate. Antifreeze contains other chemicals and dyes and is not designed for consumption. propylene glycol in food. In most cases, companies using the vegetable-based chemical clearly state so on their websites and packaging materials. Although a rare occurrence, some skin irritation could occur among those sensitive to this chemical. Propylene glycol is commonly found in many packaged foods, such as drink mixes, dressings, dried soups, cake mix, soft drinks, popcorn, food coloring, fast foods, bread and dairy products . This may lead to a buildup of propylene glycol and lactic acid in the bloodstream, causing symptoms of toxicity and acidosis. The 8th editionof this official document of the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM) was published in 2013 and is used in more than 37 countries in Europe. Is Propylene Glycol Safe? Propylene glycol and other substances such as baking soda are often used in common foods, it also have a variety of uses outside of food, such as serving as an ingredient in many pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and personal care products. So it is possible that if you are 100% healthy, exposure to … Even an oral or injectable vitamin solution containing large amounts of propylene glycol could cause seizures or irregular heartbeat, especially in young children. Propylene glycol is a small organic alcohol commonly used as a skin conditioning agent. When used in a lotion or ointment, propylene glycol increases the skin’s ability to absorb whatever it’s applied to it, which could help medications work better. Dr. Axe: Propylene Glycol: The Additive with Potentially Dangerous Side Effects, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Propylene Glycol, Men's Journal: Yes, There's Propylene Glycol in Your Fireball, The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: Propylene Glycol Toxicity in Children, U.S. National Library of Medicine: Propylene Glycol. Propene is converted into propylene oxide, a potentially harmful chemical that is also used to make polypropylene-based plastics. I now mention this to every doctor I come into with to make them aware because unfortunately it is a fault to the big Pharma. Many foods containing a laundry list of ingredients also contain propylene glycol. Propylene glycol is a controversial additive used to help preserve the moisture content in some commercial dog foods.. You may already recognize this chemical for its more everyday use — as the key component in newer automotive antifreeze.. My doctors insisted I use more steroids creams and packs and allergy medications before even thinking about testing for sensitivity even when I told them the products were making it worse. Propylene glycol is found in industrial-grade levels in products like antifreeze, polyurethane cushions, paints and the like. If unsure, search the specific chemical online to determine whether it is really propylene glycol. It is also used in some body fragrances, deodorants, toothpastes, shampoos and hair dye products, as well as in hair removal creams and hair mousse. synthetic diol alcohol that is an almost tasteless and odorless compound derived from petroleum products Propylene glycol is also quite common in fast foods, bread-based products, highly processed snack foods, flavored popcorn and cake frosting. Propylene glycol is a diol alcohol, so it is sometimes listed on products as 1,2-propanediol or propane1,2-diol. Keep in mind, antifreeze is also comprised of water. Propylene glycol as a food additive is “generally recognized as safe” given its toxicological profile by The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A Web Experience brought to you by LEAFtv. In the pharmaceutical world, propylene glycol makes topical, intravenous and oral medications more soluble. This chemical helps prevent some cosmetics from drying out or caking while helping ensure even color distribution and consistent texture. It’s also in spray-based car tire inflators, vinyl and rubber conditioners, foaming tire protectants, automotive scratch removers and leather protectants. While life doesn’t always work that way, you can rest assured that Certified Paleo products do not contain these additives. Some mascara also contains propylene glycol, as well as cosmetic concealers, aftershaves and cuticle-treatment products. Propylene glycol is also found in The safety of propylene glycol depends on the dose and individual susceptibility. Propylene glycol begins its life as a chemical called propene, which is a byproduct of the fuel industry or the fermentation of plants. man who drank the contents of an ice pack, Rickaroons: Case Study on The Importance of Community and How Certification Supports That Effort, 4th and Heart: Leveraging Third-Party Certification for Increased Brand Awareness, Chomps: A Case Study on Leveraging Certifications for Driving Brand Growth, Paleo Foundation adds Maltitol to Keto Certified Standards. Even some ice cream flavors contain propylene glycol. Propylene glycol is only an ingredient of antifreeze. Close to half of this chemical is excreted after it reaches the kidneys in a healthy human body, with the rest of the chemical converting into lactic acid. Long as the typical adult to expel propylene glycol ( 1, 2-propanediol is! The ingredient is likely used to make the product much safer and less appealing pets. 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